For Leibniz, the convergent harmonization of these series was required by the imperative of a single compossible world that is sharply delineated from all others. Deleuze, drawing from Riemannian manifolds, introduces “a fibered conception according to which 'monads' test the paths in the universe and enter in syntheses associated with each path... a world of captures instead of closures”(8) In this model “bifurcations, divergences, incompossibilities, and discord belong to the same motley world,”(9) or rather, a plurality of non-exclusive worlds.
Fruit cultivation Wanmu Orchard, Guangzhou
The relation of object to world is a complex one; “there is always a double antecedence: the world is virtually first, but the monad is actually first.”(10) To clarify, we would say that the point of view of the monad precedes the individual object(11) as a potential series of interaction between the monad and surrounding objects, but that the world, or environment(12), that it occupies does not pre-exist as such. Part of the generative ability of objects includes their “active role in constructing their environment, both through determining relevancies in the environment and through actively changing their environment.”(13) For each and every object, therefore, there is a unique environment, which it includes.(14) However, in the same way that objects that become components of an assemblage do not give up their distinct identity or agency to become docile parts only, so do the environmental conditions “exceed the object, they are equally the conditions involved in other existing objects, and that cannot therefore be specified as belonging to that object alone, nor as terminating in it.”(15) In particular one can say that “while objects construct their openness to their environment, they do not construct the events that take place in their environment”(16) and relate to it in a feedback cycle of construction and constraint.(17) The need for objects to form “contingent strategies for contending with the environment”(18) constitutes the ground of exo-relations.
Though Deleuze prefers the metaphor of the fold to convey the complexly implicated interior of the monad,(19) the virtual dimension from which objects are unfolded is not a pre-individual stratum that is continuous like a sheet of fabric. Instead it is like an entangled knot or rhizome: not everywhere continuous but, through a complex selection, continuously interconnecting. “This genesis is a genesis from other objects or discrete individuals, and in many instances is productive of new individual entities.”(20) It is perhaps better to use Leibniz's own images of every portion of matter as teeming with individuals “like a garden full of plants and like a pond full of fishes”(21) in order to remind ourselves of the complex plenitude of components at every scale. As an alternative to assembling or constructing, then, we might speak of objects as 'cultivating' their environments.